The 5 Aggregates are not part of the 7 sets, so I’m not including them in the 7 sets series here on TiltedCandle. But I won’t come back around to Buddhism for awhile, so, I’m sneaking them in here, so they’ll stand next to the 7 sets series, like a book on the bookshelf.
The 5 Aggregates, or Skandhas, aren’t really necessary in the 7 Sets, because they’re a philosophical scheme and all the sets in the 7 Sets are action-based.
The 5 Aggregates are implied in the 7 Sets by the 4 Frames of Reference. The 4 Frames of Reference are basically Aggregates 2-5, given in terms of right effort. “Matter” is omitted, since you can’t think with it.
The 5 Aggregates are:
- Form, or Matter
- Sensation and Feeling
- Perception, Cognition, and Discrimination. Emotions go here, since they are based on the idea of discriminating between what is and what ought to be.
- Impulses, Volition.
I drew you a little picture to show how this works. Consciousness arises out of the contact between consciousness and matter. Note that when Buddhists talk about “form” they mean “matter,” which is structurally different from Western philosophy. When Plato talks about “form,” he means a kind of intelligence inherent in nature — when we see something beautiful, Plato says it’s because our souls have contacted the form of beauty by seeing it in the beautiful object of perception. Not so here. More